A pattern can include regular characters and wildcard characters. During pattern matching, regular
characters must exactly match the characters specified in the character string; wildcard characters,
however, can be matched with arbitrary fragments of the character string.
- % Any string of zero or more characters.
- _ (underscore) Any single character.
- [ ] Any single character within the specified range ([a-f]) or set ([abcdef]).
- [^] Any single character not within the specified range ([^a-f]) or set ([^abcdef]).